Winter is here, but that doesn’t mean outdoor activities need to come to a halt. The National Athletic Trainers Association has provided the information that is below, which highlights four common environmental cold injuries: hypothermia, frostbite, chilblain (trench foot) and immersion foot. Take a look at the chart to learn about safety precautions you can take when competing during cold, wet and windy weather and signs to watch for if you need help.
THE FRIGID FOUR
- Hypothermia occurs when the core body temperature reaches below 95 degrees.
- Frostbite is the freezing of body tissue and a localized response to a cold, dry environment that can be worsened by sweat cooling the tissue.
- Chilblains is a nonfreezing injury of the extremities that occurs with extended exposure to cold, wet conditions.
- Immersion Foot is a nonfreezing injury of the extremities also known as “trench foot.” It occurs with prolonged exposure to cold, wet environments.
This information has been brought to you by Sportsology. Sportsology is the collaboration between certified athletic trainers from Southern Illinois Healthcare’s Rehab Unlimited and Sports Medicine physicians and fellows from SIU School of Medicine.
Questions? Call Sportsology at 877.656.4999 or get more information at http://www.sih.net/sportsology/.