Osteoporosis Related Spinal Fracture

Osteoporosis:

One in two women age 50 and above will experience an osteoporosis-related fracture in their lifetime. Osteoporosis occurs when bones become fragile and are more likely to break. If left untreated, the disease can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. For example, if the break is along the spine it may have serious consequences, including loss of height, severe back pain and deformity.

Treatments for Spinal Fractures:

If a spinal break due to osteoporosis does occur, interventional radiologists can perform one of two minimally-invasive procedures known as kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty. Both outpatient procedures are used to treat painful compression fractures in the spine. In a compression fracture, all or part of a spine bone collapses.

Interventional radiologists use their imaging expertise to guide tools within the body to stabilize the collapsed vertebra and place bone cement into the spine.

Kyphoplasty:

The doctor places a needle through the skin and into the spine bone. Real-time x-ray images are used to guide the doctor to the correct area in the lower back.

A balloon is placed through the needle, into the bone, and then inflated. Bone cement is then injected into the space to stabilize the fracture.

Vertebroplasty:

The doctor places a needle through the skin and into the spine bone. Real-time x-ray images are used to guide the doctor to the correct area in your lower back. Bone cement is simply injected into the space to ensure that the bone is stablized. This procedure is similar to kyphoplasty, but it does not inflate a balloon in the bone.

After the Kyphoplasty or Vertebroplasty Procedure:
  • You should be able to walk. However, it’s best to stay in bed for the first 24 hours, except to use the bathroom.
  • After 24 hours, slowly return to your regular activities.
  • Avoid heavy lifting and strenuous activities as directed by your physician.

Talk with your Physician about a Referral to an Interventional Radiologist at Memorial Hospital of Carbondale or Herrin Hospital.